The concept of 5 A Day is to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables each day, based on advice from the the World Health Organisation which recommends eating 400g of fruit and vegetables daily as a way to lower the risk of health problems such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, strokes and heart disease. The World Health Organisation also found a connection between the nutrition defences of the Western world and adult cancers, 85% of which are avoidable.
However, the World Health Organisations recommendations are a mere guideline. If you were living in Australia you would be led to believe that seven portions of fruit and vegetables a day is necessary, in Greece they preach nine and in America it becomes more complex with children being recommended 5 a day, women recommended seven and men recommended nine. The United Kingdom have only settled on five portions of fruit and vegetables a day because it felt that it was a more realistic goal, especially as the Food Standards Agency survey found that the average adult Brit only eats between two and three portions a fruit a day.
Below is a list of reasons why you should include more fruit and veg in your diet:
They taste delicious and have a huge range of variety.
They don’t have to be costly, especially if you support your local community by buying from the nearest Farmer’s Market.
Fruit and vegetables offer a range of different minerals and vitamins that are essential for your wellbeing such as vitamin C, potassium and folate.
As mentioned above, fruit and vegetables can reduce the risk of some cancers, heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
Fruit and vegetables are a brilliant source of natural dietary fibre, although be wary of this if you eat too much. The dietary fibre in fruit and vegetables can prevent constipation and IBS as well as reduce the risk of bowl cancer and help maintain a healthy gut.
Fruit and vegetables are naturally low in fat and calories, therefore making them a brilliant addition to a healthy diet with an aim to maintain a healthy weight and heart.
Almost all fruit and vegetables can be frozen or dried, making it easier to store them.
Fruit and vegetables can be eaten in lone dishes, pureed, used as a side or blended into a smoothie- the options are limitless!
Research from Cambridge University found that eating a single apple a day reduces your risk of heart disease by 20%, add an orange and a banana and that statistic increases to 50%
It’s not just milk and dairy products that help bones, dark leafy vegetables like broccoli and kale contain calcium and, as proven by the University of Bern in Switzerland, a gram of onion a day can help strengthen your skeleton.
Seasonal Spotlight On Spring Onions- FNFoods.com
Why 5 A Day?- NHS